Wednesday, September 6, 2017

Yes, They're Conscious: Chimpanzee Learns How to Play Paper, Scissors, Rock with a Human Child


(Rhonda JohanssonChimpanzees have the learning capacity of a four-year child, being able to learn simple circular relationships as seen in a rock-paper-scissors game. The new study, published in Primates, demonstrates a chimp’s ability to gather information and use this in a real-life situation. Researchers say that this proves the higher levels of intelligence possessed by primates.



Related: Science Conspiracy: Plant Intelligence - Now Revealed 

Source - Natural News

by Rhonda Johansson, September 5th, 2017

Jie Gao of Kyoto University in Japan and Peking University in China led the study. Gao noted that while it took chimps longer to establish the pattern in a rock-paper-scissors game compared to a human child, the chimp still displayed the ability to learn complex relationship networks. The study likens the mental potential of chimps to that of a four-year old human child.

The rock-paper-scissors game is one that seems simple but is actually more complex than people realize. First, players have to know which signals trump the other. For example, paper beats rock, while rock wins over scissors, and scissors defeats paper. After understanding these transverse patterns, each player then has to think on their feet to beat their opponent.


For the purposes of this study, seven chimpanzees of different ages and sexes were housed in the Primate Research Institute at the Kyoto University. They were then placed in a booth that had a touchscreen where they were trained on the paper-rock, rock-scissors, and scissors-paper combinations. Once the researchers felt that the chimps understood all three winning pairs, different combinations were randomly presented on the screen. Five of seven chimpanzees were able to complete the training after an average of 307 sessions.

Gao saw that given enough patience, time, and training, chimpanzees can understand circular patterns.

The team also taught the same game to 38 preschool children. Their ages ranged from three to six. For the most part, children showed little difficulty in learning the game. Children were able to learn the basic pattern within five sessions. Their performance though, was dependent on age. Researchers saw the children who were around four years old were able to play the game with skill more than luck.

“This suggests that children acquire the ability to learn a circular relationship and to solve a transverse patterning problem around the age of four years,” says Gao on Science Daily. “The chimpanzees’ performance during the mixed-pair sessions was similar to that of four-year-old children.”

The study concluded with the suggestion that more studies be conducted to see how age and sex influence the ability of various species to learn circular relationships.
Chimpanzees display signs of higher intelligence

In the past, scientists traditionally calculated intelligence according to brain size. These measurements however have long been observed to be inaccurate. Higher forms of thinking now include the ability to overcome problems based on reasoning, understanding, and foresight. Among all the primates, chimpanzees have been the object of continuous research. Scientists have long been fascinated with how far their intelligence goes.

This new study further adds to how much chimps are able to process. (Related: Chimps beat humans in strategic computer game test.)

Current data suggests that chimps can learn at least 39 different behaviors, including breeding and tool-use. This adaptation of knowledge further suggests that humans and chimps are far more related than initially perceived.



Apart from tool-use, scientists have noted that chimpanzees are capable of learning different ways of communication. One study found that trained bonobos could learn the sounds of some words, and even a rudimentary form of sign language. Bonobos could even point to some objects using a keyboard.
_________________________
Stillness in the Storm Editor's note: Did you find a spelling error or grammar mistake? Do you think this article needs a correction or update? Or do you just have some feedback? Send us an email at sitsshow@gmail.com with the error, headline and urlThank you for reading.
________________________________________________________________
Question -- What is the goal of this website? Why do we share different sources of information that sometimes conflicts or might even be considered disinformation? 
Answer -- The primary goal of Stillness in the Storm is to help all people become better truth-seekers in a real-time boots-on-the-ground fashion. This is for the purpose of learning to think critically, discovering the truth from within—not just believing things blindly because it came from an "authority" or credible source. Instead of telling you what the truth is, we share information from many sources so that you can discern it for yourself. We focus on teaching you the tools to become your own authority on the truth, gaining self-mastery, sovereignty, and freedom in the process. We want each of you to become your own leaders and masters of personal discernment, and as such, all information should be vetted, analyzed and discerned at a personal level. We also encourage you to discuss your thoughts in the comments section of this site to engage in a group discernment process. 

"It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it." – Aristotle

The opinions expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the views of Stillness in the Storm, the authors who contribute to it, or those who follow it. 

View and Share our Images
Curious about Stillness in the Storm? 
See our About this blog - Contact Us page.

If it was not for the gallant support of readers, we could not devote so much energy into continuing this blog. We greatly appreciate any support you provide!

We hope you benefit from this not-for-profit site 

It takes hours of work every day to maintain, write, edit, research, illustrate and publish this blog. We have been greatly empowered by our search for the truth, and the work of other researchers. We hope our efforts 
to give back, with this website, helps others in gaining 
knowledge, liberation and empowerment.

"There are only two mistakes one can make along the road to truth; 
not going all the way, and not starting." — Buddha

If you find our work of value, consider making a Contribution.
This website is supported by readers like you. 

[Click on Image below to Contribute]

Support Stillness in the Storm