Thursday, August 10, 2017

Scientists admit they really have no idea what 75% of human genetic code is actually used for


(Isabelle ZA new study has found that three-fourths of the human genome is non-functional or “junk DNA,” which might mean it doesn’t do anything … or it could just mean that scientists have no idea what it is used for yet. They do know, however, what it doesn’t do: These garbled sequences of nucleotides do not encode the proteins responsible for our bodies’ chemical reactions.


Related: Human DNA is a Biological Internet – NOT Junk DNA | Scientists Prove Thoughts, Words, Language, Sound and Light Affect DNA and Consciousness

Source - Natural News

by Isabelle Z, August 6th, 2017

In the 1950s, it was widely assumed that most DNA coded for proteins, but over the years it has become clear that only a portion of a genome is responsible for encoding functional proteins. The term “junk DNA” was first used in 1972 to refer to DNA that has no known function.

University of Houston researchers, led by Dan Graur, used mathematical calculations to determine that only somewhere between 10 and 25 percent of our DNA is functional. They made their calculations using the deleterious mutation rate, which is the rate of harmful mutations, along with the replacement fertility rate. The study was published in Genome Biology and Evolution.

This is in contrast to the ENCODE study of 2012, which claimed that as much as 80 percent of our DNA was functional. That study garnered some criticism for its broad definition of the term “functional.” For Graur’s purposes, DNA that is functional is the part that has evolved to have important evolutionary effects and has a function that is maintained through natural selection.



Graur does not believe the claims of the ENCODE study and dismissed it by saying, “They had spent $400 million, they wanted something big to say.”

Graur believes that a setup with a lower percentage of functional DNA is actually better for humankind’s evolutionary prospects because it exposes less DNA to the risk of mutation, which boosts one’s chances of early death. The non-functional DNA cannot be affected by mutations because it can neither be improved nor damaged. [RELATED: Government study deems gene editing a national security threat.]

Couples would need to have 15 children

He says that if the majority of human DNA was functional, people would accumulate lots of damaging mutations and would need to hit unrealistic birth rates in order to sustain the population.

“For 80 percent of the human genome to be functional, each couple in the world would have to beget on average 15 children and all but two would have to die or fail to reproduce,” he said.

According to historical population records, each couple per generation has had to produce a little more than two children in order to keep a stable population size. Over the past 200,000 years, the maintenance fertility rate has hovered between 2.1 and 3.0 children per couple; the global population remained pretty much static until infant mortality rates fell and fertility rates exceeded replacement levels in the 19th century.

Graur claims that knowing the exact amount of DNA that is functional could help biomedical researchers to focus their efforts only on the parts that could prevent or cure diseases rather than sequencing everything.

Is most of our DNA really useless?

This estimate dovetails with a 2014 study that compared the human genome with that of other species and determined that around 8 percent is functional.

One of the authors of that study, The University of Edinburgh’s Chris Ponting, said that the two findings were supportive of each other, adding, “We are walking around with a genome where only 1 in 10 bases actually matters.”

Related: A Fractal Antenna | DNA In The Electric Universe

Meanwhile, the University of Guelph’s Ryan Gregory says that we simply do not know just how much of human DNA has non-sequence related functions. He concedes that a lot of it could be “junk,” but cautions that we don’t yet know just how much DNA carries a non-sequence related function, adding that some parts of DNA are still useful despite having no important sequence.

_________________________
Stillness in the Storm Editor's note: Did you find a spelling error or grammar mistake? Do you think this article needs a correction or update? Or do you just have some feedback? Send us an email at sitsshow@gmail.com with the error, headline and urlThank you for reading.
________________________________________________________________
Question -- What is the goal of this website? Why do we share different sources of information that sometimes conflicts or might even be considered disinformation? 
Answer -- The primary goal of Stillness in the Storm is to help all people become better truth-seekers in a real-time boots-on-the-ground fashion. This is for the purpose of learning to think critically, discovering the truth from within—not just believing things blindly because it came from an "authority" or credible source. Instead of telling you what the truth is, we share information from many sources so that you can discern it for yourself. We focus on teaching you the tools to become your own authority on the truth, gaining self-mastery, sovereignty, and freedom in the process. We want each of you to become your own leaders and masters of personal discernment, and as such, all information should be vetted, analyzed and discerned at a personal level. We also encourage you to discuss your thoughts in the comments section of this site to engage in a group discernment process. 

"It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it." – Aristotle

The opinions expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the views of Stillness in the Storm, the authors who contribute to it, or those who follow it. 

View and Share our Images
Curious about Stillness in the Storm? 
See our About this blog - Contact Us page.

If it was not for the gallant support of readers, we could not devote so much energy into continuing this blog. We greatly appreciate any support you provide!

We hope you benefit from this not-for-profit site 

It takes hours of work every day to maintain, write, edit, research, illustrate and publish this blog. We have been greatly empowered by our search for the truth, and the work of other researchers. We hope our efforts 
to give back, with this website, helps others in gaining 
knowledge, liberation and empowerment.

"There are only two mistakes one can make along the road to truth; 
not going all the way, and not starting." — Buddha

If you find our work of value, consider making a Contribution.
This website is supported by readers like you. 

[Click on Image below to Contribute]

Support Stillness in the Storm